What is a Magnetic Filter?

heating basement celler

What is a magnetic filter and how do they work?

Many households with a central heating system know that sludge build-up can lead to expensive maintenance costs. The good news is that you can avoid frequent breakdowns and costly repairs with certain heating solutions, such as a magnetic filter.

What exactly are magnetic filters, though? Do you really need one, and are they worth it? And how do magnetic filters help your heating system run more efficiently? Our guide serves up answers, so keep reading.

If your consider a replacement boiler, you will be able to get a magnetic filter included in the total boiler installation cost with us here at Boiler Central.

What Are Magnetic Filters?

A boiler magnet filter is a sorting and filtering device that absorbs impurities in water, such as fine iron. The filter is attached to a central heating system (on the water side not the gas supply side), and safely collects and stores particles that would have otherwise settled at the bottom of a boiler.

After several months or even years of water flowing through the radiator and metal pipes of your heating system, it is normal to expect the metal to rust. With time, the rust will gradually break off and combine with dirt and other tiny particles to form a mud-like sludge.

The sludge is carried throughout your central heating and can even accumulate at the base of your boiler. This can cause serious problems, such as boiler leaks, heat exchanger failure, and water pump failure.

Installing a magnetic filter in your heating system can prevent sludge-related problems from developing. The magnetic function of the filter allows the device to catch and get rid of metallic particles. Some models can remove non-ferrous debris, thanks to their gravity filter design.

When to Consider a Magnetic Filter

We highly recommend getting and installing a magnetic filter along with your new boiler. However, if you already have a central heating system, you should consider fitting a magnetic filter when you notice one or more of these signs:

  • You notice a pool of water underneath your boiler, or your boiler starts to leak.
  • There is mud-like dirt lining or filling broken heating parts.
  • Frequent pump failure.
  • Your boiler doesn’t heat properly (fails to reach its maximum temperature).
  • Your radiator and boiler make unusual noises (such as bubbling or gurgling sounds).
  • The water from your taps is cloudy.
  • Your radiator has cold spots, or the bottom of your boiler is cool, and the top is hot.
  • Your boiler shuts down on its own or overheats.

One of these things or a combination may be due to sludge accumulating in your central heating system. Get in touch with a heating engineer if you experience any of the above signs. The earlier you have your heating system checked, the better you can avoid problems that may require buying a new boiler.

By the way, if you want to buy your next boiler from a reliable brand, check out this guide to find the best boiler brands in 2022.

How Are Magnetic Filters Installed?

Usually, magnetic filters are fitted to a boiler or your heating system during the system’s installation. However, a certified heating engineer can add the filter to your existing system if there is enough space.

However, have an engineer check your boiler before adding a filter. It doesn’t make sense to add a magnetic filter to a boiler that’s already too old. Your best bet would be getting a new boiler and having the filter fitted during the boiler installation.

Typically, magnetic filters are fitted to the boiler’s return pipe, but you do not need to bother about this much because Gas Safe registered engineers know exactly how to install the device.

Usually, engineers will follow these steps to install a magnetic filter:

  1. Inspection and preparation: First, the engineer checks whether adding a magnetic filter to your existing boiler is appropriate. If it is okay, water is drained from the central heating system in preparation for the installation.
  2. Pipework: Next, they mark where the filter will attach to the pipe. The pipework will depend on the size of your magnetic filter. If there is excess pipe length, it will be cut off to create room for the filter.
  3. Placing valves and the filter: With the pipe marked and cut, valves are placed on both open ends. After this, the magnetic filter is placed between the valves.
  4. Finishing up: The filter is connected securely to the pipe, and the system is re-pressurised (in many cases).

If you are in the UK and need help fitting a magnetic filter in your existing heating system, simply contact us, and we’ll connect you with certified professionals in your area.

Benefits of Magnetic Filter in Central Heating Systems

Installing a magnetic filter in your central heating system has several benefits. Of course, the main benefit is ensuring that your heating system runs more efficiently since it gets rid of impurities and waste.

Provided you carry out annual boiler maintenance, you’ll hardly spend so much money on boiler breakdowns. Besides, you can also have the filter cleaned during annual boiler maintenance (we’ll discuss more on that in a bit).

Sludge can negatively impact your boiler; a magnetic filter prevents this from happening. And because there is little to no dirt and debris in the system, the heating system doesn’t struggle to work as it should, reducing the stress on your central heating system and minimising energy consumption.

Here’s a list of other benefits associated with having a magnetic filter:

  • Reduced carbon footprint
  • Reduced boiler breakdown frequency
  • Significant reduction in the cost of repairs
  • Reduced energy bills due to low energy consumption
  • Increased boiler lifespan due to less stress on the system
  • Possible increase in length of boiler warranty
  • Stop blockages which can cause overheating

Cleaning Magnetic Filters

Magnetic filters catch fine iron impurities and other debris in your heating system to prevent sludge build-up. But there’s only so much dirt it can prevent before it requires cleaning. If you do not regularly clean the device, it won’t work as it should, and you’ll eventually spend money on costly repairs.

The best way to clean a magnetic filter is to ask your heating engineer or plumber to do it during your annual boiler service. Inspecting or cleaning a magnetic filter isn’t a complex task for a professional plumber or heating engineer, so it shouldn’t take a lot of time or significantly add to the cost of the annual service.

Regular cleaning will remove all the debris trapped in the magnetic filter and keep it working to protect your central heating system for a long time to come.

How Long Do Magnetic Filters Last?

Most magnetic filters last for a long time, but the exact lifespan will depend on how regular you maintain the device. Many magnetic filters can last up to 10 years with proper maintenance.

Before you install and start using any filter, it is usually a good idea to read the instructions to know how to maintain the device. Also, the manufacturer’s instructions will help you avoid any setup mistakes that can reduce the lifespan of your filter.

In any case, we highly recommend getting a heating engineer or plumber to install a filter for you. A certified professional knows how to set up the device correctly. But most importantly, they will check your existing system and offer advice on whether or not it is a good idea to install a magnetic filter or buy a new boiler.

Are Magnetic Filters Worth It?

It is nearly impossible to avoid a sludge build-up if your home’s heating system doesn’t have a magnetic filter. That means you may likely spend a ton of money on frequent repairs and expensive central heating maintenance.

A magnetic filter doesn’t only prevent sludge accumulation and avoidable repair expenses; it also reduces your energy bills. In other words, installing a magnetic filter is a cost-effective investment.

Here’s another benefit that makes magnetic filters a worthwhile investment. Some manufacturers may offer an extended boiler warranty if you install a magnetic filter. This offer doesn’t apply in all cases, so read the manufacturer’s terms.

That said, it may not be necessary to install a magnetic filter if you’ve recently treated your heating system with a corrosion inhibitor. This type of chemical prevents or slows down the corrosion of metals that often lead to the accumulation of central heating sludge.

Final Thoughts

Magnetic filters can add a few extra years to the lifespan of your central heating system and boiler. It is a cost-effective investment, as it can reduce the cost of frequent boiler repairs and help you with long-term savings on energy bills.

As long as you regularly maintain your magnetic filter, you can be sure of uninterrupted heating and hot water year-round.

Don’t hesitate to contact us if you are thinking of fitting a magnetic filter to your existing boiler or if you want to buy and install a new boiler with a magnetic filter. We’ll give the best boiler quotes and connect you with the most qualified installers in your area.

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